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I vjetėr 8.6.2012, 00:44   1
Anėtarėsuar: 6.2001

Hapėsirė: Misioni "Mars 1" pėr kolonizimin e Marsit

Njė organizatė private me qendėr nė Holandė, nėn drejtimin e Bas Landsporpit ka hedhur idenė pėr zbritjen e njerėzve nė Mars dhe vendosjen e njė kolonie atje deri nė vitin 2023.

Mars One - Mission

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It is Mars One's goal to establish a human settlement on Mars.

Human settlement of Mars is the next giant leap for humankind. Exploring the solar system as a united humanity will bring us all closer together.

Mars is the stepping stone of the human race on its voyage into the universe. Human settlement on Mars will aid our understanding of the origins of the solar system, the origins of life and our place in the universe. As with the Apollo Moon landings, a human mission to Mars will inspire generations to believe that all things are possible, anything can be achieved.

  Pėrgjigju duke cituar
I vjetėr 8.6.2012, 22:51   2
Anėtarėsuar: 6.2001
Mars One: Human settlement on Mars in 2023

An ambitious new project has started. Mars One plans to establish the first human settlement on Mars in 2023. Only one problem, you can't come back.

The project plans to establish the first ever human settlement on Mars. The habitable settlement will be placed on Mars ready for the settlers when they land. This settlement will be set up so as to support them while they live and work on Mars.

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The technical plan for the mission is being kept as simple as possible. Mars One have identified at least one supplier for every component required for the mission.

Only thing is, due to the difficulties involved, there will be no return to Earth for any of the crew. Once settled on Mars, they will remain there for the rest of their lives.

The whole project will be broadcast by the media back home, so that everyone can see their work and their discoveries on Mars. It will be a huge media spectacle.

In 2023, the first crew of 4 astronauts will emigrate to Mars - a journey that will take 7 months.

The Plan:

In 2016, a communications satellite and a supply mission will be sent to Mars.
In 2018, a large planetary rover will be sent which will drive around and find the best location for the site.

In 2020, living units, life support units, a rover and more supplies will be sent to Mars. The rovers will prepare the settlement for human occupation. They will extract the inflatable section from the living unit. The life support unit will prepare the outpost for the arrival of the human crew.

In late 2022, when the settlement is fully operational, the crew will depart in a transit habitat with a lander attached. In April 2023, the humans will land on Mars. "The next giant leap for mankind", says Bas Lansdorp, one of the developers.

A new team will join the settlement every two years. By 2033, they plan for over 20 people to be living and working on Mars.

About the Mars One team:

Mars One is the brainchild of Bas Lansdorp. A born entrepreneur with vision and enthusiasm, Lansdorp has been in touch with the aerospace companies, both experts and researchers, to get their attention and develop a source for their requirements.

Lansdorp has dreamed of a manned mission to Mars for many years. Previous to starting Mars One, he was the co-founder of Ampyx Power. Despite the success of that company, he decided to leave and make his dream come true. A mission to Mars.

Lansdorp has been working with his partner, Arno Wielders, since January 2011. He says, “Our plan to go to Mars has evolved quite a bit since we started. Right now, just about everyone we speak to is amazed by how realistic we have kept it. The next step is introducing the project to the world and securing sponsors and investors.”

His partner, Arno A. Wielders got his masters degree in Physics in 1997 from the Free University of Amsterdam. After he graduated he worked for Leiden Observatory at Dutch Space in the Very Large Telescope Interferometer Delay Line project.

In 1998, Wielders co-founded the Mars Society Nederland, which is part of the international Mars Society, with the aim of supporting and promoting a human mission to Mars.

In 2002, he received his TWAIO (Technisch wetenschappelijk assisten in opleiding) certificate and started work as a research scientist at the Space Department of TNO TPD in Delft, where he was involved in the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) project launched by NASA.

He then founded his own company, Space Horizon, in 2005 and developed the concept of a suborbital spaceport on the Dutch Island of Curacao (Netherlands Antilles).

Wielders says, "The main reasons for participating in Mars One are the need to make mankind a multi-planet species and because it is the most exciting project ever to be undertaken by humans."

Other members of the team include Bryan Versteeg, who has worked for over 20 years in the graphics industry and for the last 15 years has worked as a conceptual artist in the architectural and engineering field.

On the sales and promotion side, Suzanne Flinkenflögel is responsible for the marketing and communications of Mars One. She graduated in 2005 in International Business Communications and Spanish at the University of Nijmegen. Well known for her online marketing and social media knowledge, she is also passionate about web analytics.

An exciting and ambitious project indeed. Let us hope that they succeed.

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I vjetėr 8.5.2013, 16:03   3
Anėtarėsuar: 6.2001
78,000 Apply for Private Mars Colony Project In 2 Weeks

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Huge numbers of people on Earth are keen to leave the planet forever and seek a new life homesteading on Mars.

About 78,000 people have applied to become Red Planet colonists with the nonprofit organization Mars One since its application process opened on April 22, officials announced today (May 7). Mars One aims to land four people on the Red Planet in 2023 as the vanguard of a permanent colony, with more astronauts arriving every two years thereafter.

"With 78,000 applications in two weeks, this is turning out to be the most desired job in history," Mars One CEO and co-founder Bas Lansdorp said in a statement. "These numbers put us right on track for our goal of half a million applicants."

Mars One estimates that landing four settlers on Mars in 2023 will cost about $6 billion. The Netherlands-based organization plans to pay most of the bills by staging a global reality-TV event, with cameras documenting all phases of the mission from astronaut selection to the colonists' first years on the Red Planet.

The application process extends until Aug. 31. Anyone at least 18 years of age can apply, by submitting to the Mars One website a 1-minute video explaining his or her motivation to become a Red Planet settler. (You can also watch other applicants' videos at the site.)

Mars One charges an application fee, which ranges from $5 to $75 depending on the wealth of the applicant's home country. United States citizens pay $38, Lansdorp said.

When the application process closes, reviewers will pick 50 to 100 candidates from each of the 300 regions around the world that Mars One has identified. By 2015, this pool will be whittled down to a total of 28 to 40 candidates, officials said.

This core group will be split into groups of four, which will train for their one-way Mars mission for about seven years. Finally, an audience vote will pick one of these groups to be humanity's first visitors to the Red Planet.

So far, Mars One has received applications from more than 120 countries, officials said. The United States leads the way with 17,324, followed by China (10,241) and the United Kingdom (3,581). Russia, Mexico, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Argentina and India round out the top 10.

"Mars One is a mission representing all humanity, and its true spirit will be justified only if people from the entire world are represented," Lansdorp said. "I'm proud that this is exactly what we see happening."

The announcement of Mars One's application flood comes in the middle of a big week for manned Mars exploration. Scientists, engineers, NASA officials and a range of other Red Planet exploration advocates are currently meeting in Washington, D.C. for the Humans 2 Mars summit, which runs through Wednesday (May 8).

And today, famed Apollo 11 moonwalker Buzz Aldrin released his new book, "Mission to Mars: My Vision for Space Exploration" (National Geographic Books), which was written with veteran space reporter (and SPACE.com columnist) Leonard David.

  Pėrgjigju duke cituar
I vjetėr 10.5.2013, 00:47   4
Anėtarėsuar: 6.2001
Me sa flitet synojnė ta bėjnė nisjen me raketa Falcon 9 Heavy nga SpaceX. Tė shohim si do jenė zhvillimet.
  Pėrgjigju duke cituar
I vjetėr 10.11.2013, 16:02   5
Anėtarėsuar: 6.2001
More than 2,700 pay up for a chance to take a one-way trip to Mars

The Mars One venture says more than 200,000 people registered their interest in taking a one-way trip to the Red Planet, but only a fraction of those are officially in the running for the trip.

To be precise, 2,782 people have paid their registration fee and submitted public videos in which they make their case for going to Mars in 2023 — with no guarantee that they'll ever come back. That's calculated simply by adding up how many pages of videos are listed on Mars One's website (278 pages, at 10 videos per page, plus two extra).

Some paid-up applicants may have asked that their videos be kept private, and that number would have to be added to 2,782. But the Dutch-based venture's founder, Bas Lansdorp, told NBC News last month that Mars One won't disclose how many applicants in all have paid the fee.

Without paying that fee — ranging from $5 to $73 — applicants won't be considered for the second round, which involves providing Mars One with medical data and meeting with a selection committee. The application period ended on Aug. 31. Mars One said second-round candidates would be notified of their status by the end of this year and undergo their interviews starting early next year.

The field is supposed to be winnowed down further over the next year or two, through two rounds of reality-TV competitions. Revenues from that programming, plus sponsorships and other marketing arrangements, would go toward the multibillion-dollar cost of sending the first four-person crew to Mars. There's not yet been word of any TV deals, however.

Mars One plays off the fact that it's far easier logistically to send astronauts on a one-way trip to Mars than to make a round trip. The concept has been compared to the way Europeans settled the Americas centuries ago: The first settlers didn't expect to come back home, but instead created a new home in the New World. Not everyone succeeded: For an example, just look up the Roanoke Colony.

In a news release announcing the end of the first five-month recruitment campaign, Mars One said 202,586 people registered their interest in the trip. Registrations came from more than 140 countries, with Americans making up the biggest contingent (24 percent). The other countries in the top eight included India (10 percent), China (6 percent), Brazil (5 percent) and Great Britain, Canada, Russia and Mexico (each representing 4 percent).

Those figures include people who registered on the Mars One website but didn't complete the application process. Among those people is at least one journalist who signed up just to see how the process worked.

"Aspiring Martians who have missed Round 1 or could not meet the age restriction can join subsequent astronaut selection programs," Monday's news release said. "Mars One will commence regular recruitment programs as the search for follow-up crews continues."

Mars One isn't the only venture taking aim at the Red Planet: Inspiration Mars aims to send a man and a woman flying over the Martian surface in 2018. SpaceX's billionaire founder, Elon Musk, has said he'd like to see thousands of space pioneers settling the Red Planet — and he aims to go someday himself. NASA, meanwhile, intends to send astronauts on two-way trips to Mars and its moons in the 2030s.

  Pėrgjigju duke cituar
I vjetėr 7.12.2013, 00:55   6
Anėtarėsuar: 6.2001
How will the astronaut selection proceed?

The selection process is made up of four rounds.

During the initial round all candidates must submit an online application that consists of general information about the applicant, a motivation letter, a resume and a one minute video that answers provided questions and explains their reasoning.

Candidates making it to the second round are required to obtain a medical statement of good health from their physician and will be invited for an individual video interview with Mars One.

During the third round candidates will participate in group challenges and will be partake in an in-depth interview.

The final selection create international groups of four candidates who are expected to demonstrate their ability to work together and live in harsh living conditions. The teams will also receive their first short term training in a Mars outpost.

  Pėrgjigju duke cituar
I vjetėr 28.5.2015, 14:56   7
Anėtarėsuar: 6.2001
The Science of Screening Astronauts

Mars One received more than 200,000 applicants, and screened them to 1,000-plus in a short time. How was this done? Chief Medical Officer Norbert Kraft, MD, developed the Mars One candidate screening process. He worked for the Japanese space agency, collaborated with the Russian space agency, and worked at NASA before joining Mars One. In this and two subsequent stories, Dr. Kraft describes the process.

First Selection Round

Mars One started with 202,586 applicants in 2013, which is a lot! These 202,586 individuals filled out the online registration, which included a confirmation of their email address, country of residence, and date of birth. Additionally, each and every individual agreed to the legal terms and conditions of the Mars One astronaut application program, thereby officially agreeing to be part of Mars One’s astronaut selection program. The application procedure contained a number of hurdles that applicants had to overcome to show their commitment to the mission to Mars. The first was a payment of a small administration fee. The amount of the fee paid by the applicant was calculated based on the GDP of the country of residence, ranging from 5 USD (for applicants who reside in Afghanistan, Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo, Eritrea, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Niger, Somalia, Togo, Tokelau, and Zimbabwe), up to 73 USD (for people who reside in Qatar). These funds were used to pay application management costs and moderation of the applicant website.

After completing the payment, applicants received access to the full application form, which included various steps divided into public and private components. The public component included submitting a profile image, basic personal information, and a video in which they answered various motivational questions. The private component included a questionnaire consisting of open questions, a letter outlining the applicant’s motivation, along with personal information. Everyone had to complete the entire application in order to be reviewed as a candidate to move to the 2nd round. The total number of completed and submitted applications was 4,227. At this point, applicants were provided with the possibility to publish part of their application online. Since many applicants decided to keep their profile private, the number of public profiles did not equal the number of submitted applications.

Provided that all the steps above were completed, the selection committee reviewed the applications in order to select which applicants would proceed in the selection process. In the video, the applicants answered various questions that addressed why they were applying, what kind of sense of humor they had, and why they would make a good Mars settler candidate. In the questionnaire, open questions were asked about how applicants handle difficult and stressful situations. This helped determine if the applicants seemed to understand what they were applying for and if they were sincere about settling on Mars. After the complete review, Mars One was left with 1,058 applicants from around the world, all vying for a permanent trip to Mars!

Second Selection Round

The 1,058 candidates then entered Round Two of Mars One’s astronaut selection process. They were required to take a medical exam conducted by their own physician and to send in the medical statement endorsed by their physician. This medical exam was very similar to the exam required by NASA and the European Space Agency. Among other things, the candidates were examined for good eyesight, general health, drug dependency, and range of motion and full function in all joints. One of the benefits of the medical exam was that some people learned they had a medical condition which required treatment. Secondly, the candidates were required to make their candidate profile publicly visible. This condition was implemented to confirm the candidates were willing to be open regarding their commitment to the mission. Additionally, after this phase of the selection process, all selection steps thereafter would be public. Of the 1058 that entered Round Two selection, 660 candidates successfully completed these two steps and were invited for their Round Two candidate interview.

The Round Two candidate interview was a brief, carefully structured online video interview. The interviews were designed to screen out those who are less likely to fulfill our requirements. This interview included open questions and knowledge questions from material that candidates were required to study, including pages from the Mars One website.

The knowledge questions helped determine whether the candidate was a good learner, was able to retrieve and apply their knowledge (essential for Mars settlers), and was serious about the project. The fact that the candidates had to study material also ensured that they really understood some of the dangers and risks involved in a mission to Mars. This involved memorizing numbers, such as how much radiation they will be exposed to, how much shielding is needed, and how much reserve water and oxygen will be in storage when they arrive on Mars.

The open interview questions helped determine the likelihood that they would be good team players – that is, to determine if they were really likely to put the team ahead of themselves. Finally, we asked a question that got people to reveal their real reasons for being part of Mars One. We were looking for people who really are sincere about settling on Mars for humanity.

From the 660 Round Two candidates, 100 Mars hopefuls were selected in February 2015 to move to Round Three.

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