Kthehu   Kreu > D1 > Punishte > Tė reja
 
Pėrdorimi i ēėshtjes
I vjetėr 18.3.2007, 10:05   1
mesdimr
MBARĖVAJTJA
 
mesdimr
 
Anėtarėsuar: 6.2001

Shkrim i cituar Aristoteli hundėshkabė


Citim:
An Athenian Head of Aristotle from the Acropolis

EXCAVATION NEWS / Dr Dorothy King

The Greek Archaeological Service recently revealed a newly discovered head of Aristotle (384-322 BC) from the Athenian Acropolis, complete with a hooked nose. Previously known heads of Aristotle had broken or straight noses and Alkestis Horemi, the excavator, has described the portrait as ‘the best-preserved likeness ever found’, adding that ‘This is the only bust portraying the philosopher with a hooked nose in line with ancient descriptions’.

The excavators date the head to the 1st century AD because of its parallels to portraits of Augustus (27 BC - AD 14) and other early Julio-Claudians, although some features such as the long locks over the forehead actually bear a striking resemblance to portraits of Septimius Severus (AD 193 - 211). Greek portraits tended to be idealised, Republican Roman ones hyper-realised; the best example of this is Cleopatra, who had a small nose in Hellenistic Greek busts but a large one on coins associated with the Romans. The differing depictions of Aristotle are thus the result of design for different audiences at different periods.

The marble head (H. 46cm) was found in Makriyianni on the southern foot of the Acropolis in the area excavated for the New Acropolis Museum. Two other heads were revealed at the same time, although whether they were found with or near the Aristotle remains unclear. Their location ties in with the importance of Roman Athens and the Philosophical Schools - the probable identification of their location. One is a head of Hadrian (AD 117-138; H. 31cm) and the other the head of a priest, probably Dionysos (H. 34cm). The Theatre of Dionysus on the south slope of the Acropolis was important in antiquity. To its south was a major sanctuary of Dionysos described by Pausanias as in the area of the Philosophical Schools. Leading Greek archaeologists have expressed concern that the government allowed these to be destroyed in their efforts to build the New Acropolis Museum rapidly on an unsuitable site.

Hadrian was well known as a Philhellene emperor who supported the Philosophical Schools. A bust of him found in conjunction with the two others would seem to confirm the interpretation of the site archaeologists have long been suggesting - home to the Philosophical Schools and an important sanctuary of Dionysos. The previous Greek government claimed that the site of the New Acropolis Museum only held bedrock. Subsequently, it has been denied that any important ancient institutions ever existed on the site or that they were being destroyed.

The official line from Alkestis Horemi is that ‘the bust [of Aristotle] had probably adorned a Roman villa’. But this is disingenuous since Philosophical Schools were generally set in houses, identical architecturally to private houses. The bust also appears to be a herm and these tend to be erected outdoors.

http://minervamagazine.com/issue1802/news.html#n5
  Pėrgjigju duke cituar
Merr pjesė nė diskutim





Ora nė Shqipėri ėshtė 23:20.

Pajtim RSS
Vargmal © 2001 - 2019
Dijeni · Prektora · Pyetje · Kreu

Redaksia: kontakt@vargmal.org
Drejtbotimi: Lėnda e hasur kėtu mund tė pėrdoret nė ēdo mjet pėrcjellės, me kusht qė tė pėrmendet se ėshtė marrė nga faqja vargmal.org ose qė tė jepet vendndodhja e saktė e plotė brenda kėsaj faqeje. Nėse lėnda e hasur nė kėtė faqe dėshirohet tė pėrdoret pėr arsye qė tejkalojnė drejtpėrdorimin dhe drejtbotimin, kėrkohet leje e posaēme pas marrėveshjeje me mbarėvajtėsit dhe/ose krijuesit.
Drejtpėrdorimi: Veē tė tjerash, nė kėtė faqe paraqitet lėndė me tė drejta krijuesi, pėrdorimi i sė cilės nuk ėshtė miratuar gjithnjė gjegjėsisht prej mbajtėsit tė tė drejtave. Megjithatė lėnda shtjellohet nė pėrpjekjen tonė pėr njohjen, kuptimin, bashkėfjalimin e arsimimin rreth ēėshtjeve qė kanė tė bėjnė me mjedisin, botėkuptimin, shkencėn, shoqėrinė njerėzore nė pėrgjithėsi dhe shoqėrinė shqiptare nė veēanti. Mendojmė se ky pėrbėn pėrdorim tė drejtė sipas ligjit nr. 9380, dt. 28.4.2005, nenet 9, 26, 27. Nė lidhje me ēka pararendi, paraqitja kryhet pa pėrfitim tregtar ndaj atyre qė kanė shprehur interes paraprak pėr marrje njohurish pėr arsye kėrkimore, arsimore a pėrdorimi vetjak nė pėrputhje ligjin.